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How Does the Census Bureau Report American Indian or Alaska Native Race?


An individual’s response to the 2020 Census race question is based upon self-identification.

If you self-identify as American Indian or Alaska Native, you should check the American Indian or Alaska Native box on your census form. You should then print or type the name of your enrolled or principal tribe in the write-in area.

You may mark one or more of the race categories and enter multiple races or multiple detailed groups. Each specific write-in area will record up to 200 characters and up to 6 detailed groups, allowing for long names and multiple groups to be reported.

If a respondent reports that they are American Indian or Alaska Native and another race, they will be counted as American Indian or Alaska Native alone or in combination, and part of the Two or More Races population.

Guides in English, Navajo/Diné and large print, as well as video tutorials are available on our Language Support page. These guides include instructions on how to respond to the census. You can also visit Contact Us for information on requesting help by phone.

Visit Tribal Resources for more information and outreach materials for tribal governments.